A child who is born of one set of parents and becomes the child of other parents is said to adapted. Adaption provides a home and family for a child who cannot have the care of his natural parents. It also makes it possible for people who are childless to have children.
Adaption is a legal, lifetime relationship. Both the child and the parents who adopt him (or her) have the same rights and duties towards another that natural parents and their children have. They also have just as much love and respect for each other as do natural parents and their children. They share the same joys and problems in living together that all parents and children share.
Many people think that adoption is a thing, but it is centuries old. It was known to the ancient Assyrians, Babylonians, Greeks and Romans. However, the practice of adopting children did not become widespread until the 2nd century. It is practiced in most European countries, but it is not as popular in Europe as it is in the United States, where during the past 30 years, the number of adoptions has increased greatly. Over a hundred thousand children are adopted annually in United States.
There are many reasons why children have to be adopted. Sometimes it is caused by the death of one or both parents. If a parent has an illness that cannot be cured may decide it will be best for the children to be adopted. There are also parents who discover after a child is born that they are not able to care for him properly. So they place him with a family who wants to adopt him.
According to statistical data in U.S. more parents who give up their children to be adopted by another family do so just because they love them. They wish the children to have the better care unable to provide.
A married couple may learn that they are unable to have children born to them, because a physical conditions of either husband or wife, or both . So they decide to go to a child welfare agency and request a child, whom they can adopt.
There are child welfare agencies in every large city in the U.S. These agencies have such name as: Children`s Family and Child Services, and so on.
The agencies have in their care children of different ages who need adoption . Some are only a few days old. Others are 12 to 14 years old. It is the job of the agencies to find the best parents they can for each child. Frequently the children are placed with their adoptive families when they are only a few weeks or months old, but some may be in their teens.
A child who is adopted when he is very young knows only his adopter parents. He may never guess that he was not born to them. But it he is allowed to grow up without being told, there is a danger that he will find out the fact of his birth some day in some way that will hurt him. Child welfare experts say that it is better for a child to know from the time he is small that he was adopted. The fact will not disturb him, as long as he feels that his adoptive parents truly love him.